Peru Travel Guide

Peru Introduction

As South America’s third largest country, Peru is a flourishing country that is home to beautiful and spectacular buildings. There are three regions: Andes, Atacama Desert, and the Amazon. Although Peru is known mostly for these regions, they stem from different backgrounds such as Incas, Spanish conquistadors, and settlers who migrated to the country. They express their culture and way of life through many forms such as fine arts and crafts, music and dance, food, and many more. The immigrants helped shape their food, culture, and historical attractions.

Cuisine

Peru Cuisine-6 Ceviche Food Peru

Cuisine is heavily influenced by Inca, Europe, Asia, and West Africa and focuses on using local practices and ingredients. Their four main staple ingredients of their cuisine are corn, potatoes, Amaranthaceaes, and legumes. Their multicultural history allows them to become one of the world’s most important cuisine and is a prime example of fusion cuisine. There is a wide selection of dishes that vary from region to region. Peru is a great place to indulge your taste bud in the multicultural fusion cuisine.

  • Ceviche – Found mainly on the coast. It is a dish that offers fresh marinated raw fish garnished with herbs such as chili peppers. There are a variety of ways for this dish and varies throughout the country. It is their most popular dish and a must try for tourists!
  • Chupe De Camarones – Part of the Arequipan cuisine. It consists of crayfish or shrimp stock cooking with potatoes, onions in butter, and different spices. After adding broth, it will be mixed with milk or cream.
  • Jalea – A dish with a variety of fried seafood topped with tomatoes, onions, cilantro with a tad of salt, spices, and plenty of lime juice.
  • Lomo Saltado – A stir-fry dish that is paired with rice. The sirloin is marinated in vinegar, soy sauce, and spices and combined with ingredients such as onions, tomatoes, parsley, and many more.
  • Pollo A La Brasa – Roasted chicken that is marinated with Peruvian ingredients. It is paired with French fries, potatoes, and, depending on the restaurant, a variety of sauces.

Famous Attractions

With their delicious multicultural fusion cuisine, Inca-Empire history, and their New Wonder of the World, Peru had start to become one of the most designated place to travel to!

The capital of Peru, Lima, is one of the largest and vibrant cities in Latin America. Over the years, it has start to become one of the largest and populous metropolitan area in Peru. 

The country captures the history dating back to the Inca Empire, to the beautiful views from Andes, and authentic fusion cuisines with local ingredients. Not only does it have delicious food, but has a variety of activities for you!

Here are a few of their top attractions:

  • Machu Picchu Peru-2Machu Picchu – There are assumptions that states that this 15th century classical-style Inca citadel is created for their emperor. There are three primary structures: Intihuatana, Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. It showcases the beautiful and sophisticated dry-walls, panoramic views, and it is one of the New Wonders of the World!
  • Sacsayhuamán – Historical capital of the Inca Empire that was built with dry stones without using mortar, a paste to bind building blocks together. This citadel is located on the northern outskirts of Cusco and the first section of it has been here since the 900. Simply an amazing structure built at 12,142 ft. of elevation.
  • Colca Canyon – It is known as one of the world’s deepest canyon, with a depth of 10,730 ft. Here, you are able to see Andean condors with a beautiful scenery and landscape that dates back to the Inca Empire time period. It is a great place for those that love hike-tours and bird-watching!
  • Coricancha – One of the most important temple in the Inca Empire that was once covered in pure gold. It was created for Inti, the ancient Incan sun god. But, it was destroyed because of Spanish conquistadors and most of the gold was given to trade for their leader. Later on, the Spanish colonists built the Church of Santo Domingo, but incorporated part of Inca’s structural building blocks.

Nightlife

When it comes to having a nightlife in Peru, there is no shortage here! It lives in the capital city, Lima. Lima offers a variety of activities, not only during the day, but at night. It ranges from music, films, and cultural festivals. There’s a wide variety of places to drink, though most are heavily concentrated in the area of Barranco and Miraflores. It is suitable for those that just want to have a chill night to converse, discos to dance to, and many more.

Currency

Peru Currency-2The currency of Peru is Sol (PEN). Coins come in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, and 50 céntimos and 1 sol. If you are using cash transaction, then most retailers would round to the nearest 10 céntimos, while electronic transaction will be the exact amount. For banknotes, it comes in 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 soles. The official exchange rate is fixed at USD1 = 3.29 PEN, with bank notes fluctuating depending on market. There are many places that will accept USD within the tourism industry, but it is best to carry the local currency.

Customs & Languages

The official language of Peru is Spanish, though it is a multilingual nation which includes Quechua and Aymara. Their culture is heavily influenced by Amerindian and Colonia Spanish. Their traditions were influenced by the Incas. Some things to do/not do in Peru are: to not be afraid to haggle, do not drink the tap water, and only have big bills. The reason is because Peru is a haggling nation. Second, the water in Peru is not always safe to drink, so try to carry bottled waters.  Lastly, the reason to not have only big bills is due to you being able to only break them at a restaurant or big grocery store because no one else is willing to accept them.

Here are some helpful words/phrases:

  • Hello — Hola
  • Please – Por favor
  • Thank you — Gracias
  • How much? — ¿Cuánto cuesta?
  • Where is the bathroom? — ¿Dónde está el baño?
  • Excuse me — Disculpe