Nepal is a land filled with peaks, monasteries and beautiful attractions. Bordered by the Himalayas, Nepal is hosts 8 of the highest peaks in the world. In Kathmandu, the variety of sights will fascinate your senses. Nepal’s roots in Hinduism and Buddhism leaves travelers with endless ventures. Witness the history, art and culture of Nepal in the many museums, sites and temples in its capital.
Known for its healthiness, Nepalese cuisine receives a lot of influence from India and Tibet. In addition, the cultural diversity of Nepal leaves Nepal with a vast range of local dishes. Due to Nepal’s religious background, killing cows are illegal in Nepal; therefore, beef is not common.
- Dal Bhat- The most popular dish in Nepal. It is lentil soup served with rice and curried vegetables.
- Momos- It is a South Asian dumpling. The fillings range with a variety of meats and vegetables.
- Keema Chatamari- The popular dish in Kathmandu is a Nepalese version of pizza. It is a rice-flour crepe topped with meat, eggs and vegetables.
- Pashupatinath Temple- It is one of the most sacred temples devoted to Pashupatinath, an incarnation of Shiva the Hindu god. It is believed to date back as early as the 3rd Visitors can see many shrines, markets selling religious items and Hindus visiting to worship their deity. Entrance is only for Hindus, but many tourists can clearly see the temple and its activities outside the premise.
- Durbar Square- The center of Nepal’s legacy and history is located in Kathmandu. It has temples, palaces and courtyards, and it is where major festivals in Nepal are held. The UNESCO site is an architectural wonder that visitors need to witness.
- Patan Museum- Once a royal palace, this UNESCO site now exhibits the long history and culture of Nepal. The museum displays countless collections in the form of religious art and architectures design.
Nepal is a highly agricultural society, meaning many of the citizens sleep early to wake up early. However, nightlife in Nepal still exists in its capital, Kathmandu. Most of the nightlife is centered in Thamel which has the best bars and clubs in Nepal. Rum Doodle, a bar, is one of Nepal’s top bars where many trekkers visit after Mt. Everest. Although some clubs and bars try to stay open past midnight, the law causes many of them to close by 10 o’clock. Kathmandu also has a variety of casinos for tourists to try their luck and have fun.
Nepal’s official currency is the rupee. Due to the rise of tourism, there are many cash change services and ATMs available in Katmandu.
Customs & Languages
There are regional languages for Nepal, but the official language is Nepali. The language belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European family. Other regional languages include Urdu, Limbu, Maithili (second largest), Nepalbhasa, Angika, Tharu, and Hindi. Nepal includes a rich and unique multi-dimensional culture that is expressed in different forms such as folklore, music, dance, art, and many more. They are heavily influenced by Indians, Mongolian, and Tibetan culture. Some things to keep in mind when visiting Nepal includes using both your hands when giving or receiving, not using your left hand (sanitary reasons), and not taking Nepal’s currency out of the country.
Here are some helpful words/phrases:
- Thank you — Dhan’yavāda
- Please — Kr̥payā
- Hello — Namastē
- Excuse me — Malā’īṁ māpha garnuhōs
- How much? — Kati?
- Where is the restroom? — Ṭvā’ilēṭa kahām̐ cha?