China Travel Guide

China Introduction

As one of the world’s most influential countries with the biggest population and longest continuous history, China is filled with scenery, diversity and culture. For many centuries China stood as the leading civilization, surpassing the rest of the world in arts and sciences. Its rich history shaped a fascinating landscape of numerous attractions. China’s influence in today’s world has sparked a huge interest for many travelers. Many seek to learn and experience the magic of China’s culture, food, and historical attractions.

Cuisine

China Cuisine-2 China Cuisine-4
There are a lot of delicious foods to be tasted in China. Dishes and treats vary widely from region to region. The eight famous Chinese cuisines are Guangdong (Cantonese), Sichian, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Hunan, Anhui and Shandong cuisines. Most visitors are likely to be more familiar with the Cantonese style. This style is well known for its Dim Sum dishes and freshly cooked seafood. There is also the Sichuan style which is famous for its hot and spicy foods. Some of China’s best home-style noodles and Peking duck are prepared under the Beijing style of cooking.

  • Guandong- Guandong dishes focus on the food’s natural flavor more than spices. Cantonese food is usually has lightly cooked vegetables, meat and sweet sauces.
    • Famous dishes include: Hainanese chicken rice, beef chow fun (fried noodles with beef) and Dim Sum: xiao long bao (soup dumplings) and cha siu bao (barbeque pork buns)
  • Sichuan- The most widely served cuisine in China. Sichuan dishes are known for their use of spice. Famous dishes include Kung Pao Chicken, Mapo tofu, twice cooked pork and cold noodle salad.
  • Jiangsu- This cuisines is known for its refined gourmet taste and is often served in government banquets. Famous dishes include Yangzhou fried rice and Jinling salted duck.
  • Zhejiang- Due to close proximity, the Zhejiang province cuisine is very similar to Jiangsu’s style. It focuses more on fresh, crispy, seasonal and raw ingredients. Famous dishes include Dongpo porn, beggar’s chicken and fish in vinegar
  • Hunan- Hunan food is known for their spicy taste, which is hotter than the ones in Sichuan. Famous dishes include shredded pork with peppers, boiled yellow catfish, Mao’s braised pork and “dry wok” chicken.
  • Anhui Cuisine- Using wild foods and herbs as main ingredients, the cuisine is definitely unique and full of local flavor. Famous dishes include bamboo shoots and Li Hongzhang Hotchpotch
  • Shandong Cuisine- Due to its long coast, the cuisine mainly consists of seafood. Famous dishes include red braised prawns, Dezhou stewed chicken and sweet and sour carp

Famous Attractions
From majestic natural sceneries to booming cityscapes, China’s land is just so diverse and full of surprises. A large part of China’s attractions are composed of its historical structures. Prepare to stand in awe as you stare at the sheer magnitude of these structures. Visit China for The Forbidden City, the Great Wall and the Terracotta Warriors and many more jaw dropping sights. The Great Wall of China, for example, prides itself for its historical significance and tremendous scale. In fact, it is one of the very few structures on earth visible from the moon. Forbidden City Beijing China

  • The Forbidden City- At the center of Beijing, the historical building was an imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
  • Great Wall of China- Stretching across the northern Chinese border, the wall was made to protect against invasion from Eurasian groups.
  • Tiananmen Square- Built in 1651, the city square epitomizes many significant parts of Chinese history. From the founding of People’s Republic of China to many other political movements that occur, it remains a heart of China’s culture and government.

Nightlife
China nightlife is now where one can drink and dance and sing in the bars, some of which are next door to ancient and austere looking temples. As with most countries, the most exciting areas are often deep in the heart of urbanity- Shanghai, Beijing, Hong Kong and Macao. Nightlife in Hong Kong is probably the most overwhelming of all China nightlife, its more modernized culture and historic ties to the rest of the world endows the city with a head start towards entertaining both locals and tourists from all over the globe.

Currency 

The official currency of the People’s Republic of China is the renminbi, often abbreviated as RMB. The base unit of this currency is the yuan, international currency code CNY. Locals refer to prices in “yuan” or “kwai,” and notes come in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100. Credit cards and checks mostly are acceptable in the major cities, like Beijing and Shanghai. ATM is available as well. However, the best way to pay in China is Cash in case cards and checks are no accepted.

Customs & Language

There is one dominant language spoken in China, which is divided into seven dialects which is known as Hànyǔ. It is the simplified, traditional, and pinyin Chinese; regarded as the academic discipline), Their main language that is spoken is Mandarin Chinese. Their culture is known to bargain, so do not hesitate to do so!

Here are some helpful words/phrases:

  • Hello – Nǐ hǎo
  • Excuse me, where is the bathroom? – Duìbùqǐ, yùshì zài nǎlǐ
  • How much (money)? – Duōshǎo qián?
  • Please – Qǐng
  • Thank you – Xièxiè