Bhutan is the last great Himalayan kingdom filled with beautiful mountain sceneries, architecture designs, and traditions. In addition to the scenery, visitors can experience the well-preserved culture and tradition that permeates all aspects of daily life. This kingdom’s high mountain peaks and strong cultural identity make it a popular destination among travelers who are looking for scenery and authentic cultural experiences.
Bhutanese food is most known for its spiciness. Chilies are an essential part of their cuisine and almost every meal consists of them.
Bhutanese meals usually include rice and two side dishes.
- Ema Datshi- Ema Datshi is the national dish of Bhutan consisting of chili and cheese known as Datshi. (Bhutan Chili Cheese Stew)
- Momos- Momos are Tibetan-style dumplings
- Phaksha Paa- Pork cooked with chili peppers, spices, and vegatables.
- Jasha Maru- Spicy minced chicken with fresh ingridients including tomato, ginger, chili, and garlic
- Red Rice- These highly nutritious part of the Bhutanese diet is slightly pink and sticky once it is cooked.
Tiger Nest Monastery (Taktshang Goemba) – Tiger Nest Monastery is one of the most popular and holiest sites in Bhutan. Guru Rinopoche, figure that introduced Buddhism to Bhutan, is said to have flown to the location on the back of tigeress to subdue a demon He then meditated in a cave within the temp for 3 years, 3 months, 3 weeks and 3 days. Tourists can either hike to the location or ride a horse 2/3 of the way then hike. The location was built in 1692. Although the building suffered from a fire in 1998, the building was reconstructed as close to the original as possible using old photos and records.
Paro City – Paro is a town filled with history and sacred sites. It is often noted as the most beautiful place throughput Bhutan. Travelers that prefer peace and nature often fall in love with Parl. Paro is also well-known for its main street that is filled with beautiful wooden shops and buildings.
Thimphu – as the nation’s capital is the economic and political epicenter of Bhutan. Travelers describe the city as a place where old meets news due the existing combination of modern and Bhutan’s strong cultural preservation.
Although Bhutan is a nation full of ancient history and culture, there are plenty of places to enjoy nightlife and have fun with young locals. Bars and clubs are mostly located in the national capital of Thimphu as it is the most urban area of the country.
The Bhutanese currency is ngultrum. Although hotels and majors shops accept card, cash is preferred because cards are not accepted in many smaller shops.
Customs & Language
Although there are many dialects that are spoken in Bhutan, the national language of Bhutan is Dzongkha. The language diversity is mostly attributed to the fact that many groups to live in isolation as a result of high mountains and low valleys.
Here are some helpful words/phrases:
- Hello (formal) – Kuzu zangpo la
- Thank you – Kadrin chhe la
- How much? – Gadem chi mo?
- Yes – Inn
- No – Men (Meh-nn)
- Excuse me – Atsi zur nang
- Where is the toilet/bathroom? – Chhabsa gathey mo?